Friday, July 08, 2005

London, Netanyahu, Tariq Ali, ALA, LA8, Chee

1) Not much to add to what is already being said about London, except perhaps this: the next time some bozo with a fake twang tries to persuade you that "we" must fight "them" over "there" so that "we" don't have to fight "them" over "here," mull over the ethics, justice -- and universal applicability -- of such a statement. Gee, W, are we safe yet? How come non-invasive countries like Sweden, New Zealand, Canada, and Ireland never seem to get attacked?



2) I wonder which of the following two stories is true -- the first one, or the second one, correcting the first?:

http://www.guardian.co.uk/worldlatest/story/0,1280,-5124181,00.html

Netanyahu Changed Plans Due to Warning

Thursday July 7, 2005 12:16 PM
By AMY TEIBEL
Associated Press Writer

JERUSALEM (AP) - British police told the Israeli
Embassy in London minutes before Thursday's explosions
that they had received warnings of possible terror
attacks in the city, a senior Israeli official said.

Israeli Finance Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had
planned to attend an economic conference in a hotel
over the subway stop where one of the blasts occurred,
and the warning prompted him to stay in his hotel room
instead, government officials said.

Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom said he wasn't aware of
any Israeli casualties.

Just before the blasts, Scotland Yard called the
security officer at the Israeli Embassy to say they
had received warnings of possible attacks, the
official said. He did not say whether British police
made any link to the economic conference.

The official spoke on condition of anonymity because
of the nature of his position.

The Israeli Embassy was in a state of emergency after
the explosions in London, with no one allowed to enter
or leave, said the Israeli ambassador to London, Zvi
Hefet.

All phone lines to the embassy were down, said Danny
Biran, an Israeli Foreign Ministry official.

The ministry set up a situation room to deal with
hundreds of phone calls from concerned relatives.
Thousands of Israelis are living in London or visiting
the city at this time, Biran said.

Amir Gilad, a Netanyahu aide, told Israel Radio that
Netanyahu's entourage was receiving updates all
morning from British security officials, and ``we have
also asked to change our plans.''

Netanyahu had been scheduled to stay in London until
Sunday, but that could change, Gilad said.


http://www.guardian.co.uk/worldlatest/story/0,1280,-5124244,00.html

Israeli Official Denies Pre-Attack Warning

Thursday July 7, 2005 12:46 PM
By AMY TEIBEL
Associated Press Writer

JERUSALEM (AP) - Israel was not warned about possible
terror attacks in London before a series of blasts
ripped through the city, Foreign Minister Silvan
Shalom said Thursday.

A Foreign Ministry official, speaking on condition of
anonymity, had said earlier that British police warned
the Israeli Embassy in London of possible terror
attacks minutes before the first explosion.

``There was no early information about terrorist
attacks,'' Shalom told Israel Army Radio later.
``After the first explosion an order was given that no
one move until things become clear. ``

Israel was holding an economic conference in a hotel
over the London subway stop where one of the blasts
occurred. Israeli Finance Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
was supposed to attend the conference, but ``after the
first explosion our finance minister received a
request not to go anywhere,'' Shalom said.

He said he wasn't aware of any Israeli casualties.

The Israeli Embassy was in a state of emergency after
the explosions in London, with no one allowed to enter
or leave, said the Israeli ambassador to London, Zvi
Hefet.

All phone lines to the embassy were down, said Danny
Biran, an Israeli Foreign Ministry official.

The ministry set up a situation room to deal with
hundreds of phone calls from concerned relatives.
Thousands of Israelis are living in London or visiting
the city at this time, Biran said.

Amir Gilad, a Netanyahu aide, told Israel Radio that
Netanyahu's entourage was receiving updates all
morning from British security officials, and ``we have
also asked to change our plans.''

Netanyahu had been scheduled to stay in London until
Sunday, but that could change, Gilad said.



3) Tariq Ali Op-Ed:

http://www.guardian.co.uk/terrorism/story/0,12780,1523821,00.html

Comment

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The price of occupation

Tariq Ali
Friday July 8, 2005
The Guardian

During the last phase of the Troubles, the IRA targeted mainland Britain: it came close to blowing up Margaret Thatcher and her cabinet in Brighton. Some years later a missile was fired at No 10. London's financial quarter was also targeted. There was no secret as to the identity of the organisation that carried out the hits or its demands. And all this happened despite the various Prevention of Terrorism Acts passed by the Commons.
The bombers who targeted London yesterday are anonymous. It is assumed that those who carried out these attacks are linked to al-Qaida. We simply do not know. Al-Qaida is not the only terrorist group in existence. It has rivals within the Muslim diaspora. But it is safe to assume that the cause of these bombs is the unstinting support given by New Labour and its prime minister to the US wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.

One of the arguments deployed by Ken Livingstone, the mayor of London, when he appealed to Tony Blair not to support the war in Iraq was prescient: "An assault on Iraq will inflame world opinion and jeopardise security and peace everywhere. London, as one of the major world cities, has a great deal to lose from war and a lot to gain from peace, international cooperation and global stability."

Most Londoners (as the rest of the country) were opposed to the Iraq war. Tragically, they have suffered the blow and paid the price for the re-election of Blair and a continuation of the war.

Ever since 9/11, I have been arguing that the "war against terror" is immoral and counterproductive. It sanctions the use of state terror - bombing raids, torture, countless civilian deaths in Afghanistan and Iraq - against Islamo-anarchists whose numbers are small, but whose reach is deadly. The solution then, as now, is political, not military. The British ruling elite understood this perfectly well in the case of Ireland. Security measures, anti-terror laws rushed through parliament, identity cards, a curtailment of civil liberties, will not solve the problem. If anything, they will push young Muslims in the direction of mindless violence.

The real solution lies in immediately ending the occupation of Iraq, Afghanistan and Palestine. Just because these three wars are reported sporadically and mean little to the everyday lives of most Europeans does not mean the anger and bitterness they arouse in the Muslim world and its diaspora is insignificant. As long as western politicians wage their wars and their colleagues in the Muslim world watch in silence, young people will be attracted to the groups who carry out random acts of revenge.

At the beginning of the G8, Blair suggested that "poverty was the cause of terrorism". It is not so. The principal cause of this violence is the violence being inflicted on the people of the Muslim world. And unless this is recognised, the horrors will continue.

· Tariq Ali's latest book is Speaking of Empire and Resistance.

tariq.ali3@btinternet.com



4) ALA Council Calls for Withdrawal from Iraq:

http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA622341.htm

— June 29, 2005

The Council of the American Library Association (ALA) has passed a resolution that calls for the withdrawal from Iraq of all U.S. military forces and a return of full sovereignty to the people of Iraq. The resolution passed June 29 during the annual conference of ALA in Chicago. The resolution further urges the U.S. government to switch its budgetary priorities from the occupation of Iraq to the improved support of vital domestic programs and calls upon the government to provide material assistance through the United Nations for the reconstruction of Iraq, including its museums, libraries, schools, and other cultural institutions. The resolution will be sent to all members of Congress, the Secretary of Defense, Secretary of State, President, and the press. The Council is the governing body of ALA and determines all policies for the association.



5) Basra Article:

July 7, 2005
Shiite Morality Is Taking Hold in Iraq Oil Port
By EDWARD WONG

BASRA, Iraq - The loudest sounds emanating from musicians' row these days come from explosions.

Ahmed Ali walked through a shop that sold musical instruments before it was gutted by a bombing a week earlier, the latest in a series of mysterious attacks in this narrow alley in the last half-year, he said. The men here, just a block from the Ministry of Religious Affairs, sell instruments by day and perform at weddings in the evening.

"They say it's forbidden by Islam," Mr. Ali, 18, said as he went back to his own shop, its shelves stocked with drums. "We're afraid of everything. I'm afraid of it all. I'm afraid even when I'm talking to you."

The once libertine oil port of Basra, 350 miles south of the capital and far from the insurgency raging in much of Iraq, is steadily being transformed into a mini-theocracy under Shiite rule. There is perhaps no better indication of the possible flash points in a Shiite-dominated Iraq, because the political parties that hold sway here also wield significant influence in the central government in Baghdad and are backed by the country's top clerics.

Efforts to impose strict Shiite religious rule across Iraq would almost certainly spur resistance from Sunni Arabs and the more secular Kurds. But here in Basra, the changes have accelerated since the January elections, which enabled religious parties to put more radical politicians into office.

Small parties with names like God's Vengeance and Master of Martyrs have emerged. They work under the umbrella of more established Shiite groups, but many Iraqis suspect them of being agents of the Iranian government. One of the leading parties was formed in Iran by an Iraqi cleric living in exile during the reign of Saddam Hussein.

The growing ties with Iran are evident. Posters of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the 1979 Iranian revolution, are plastered along streets and even at the provincial government center. The Iranian government opened a polling station downtown for Iranian expatriates during elections in their home country in June.

The governor also talks eagerly of buying electricity from Iran, given that the American-led effort has failed to provide enough of it.

"The political situation is very confused and very mixed up," said Saleh E. Najim, the dean of the engineering college at Basra University. "Most of the radical Islamic parties are concentrated in Basra. The people feel very upset about these parties. They are wasting our time."

This city of two million, Iraq's second largest, is not yet entirely in the grip of fundamentalism - pirated copies of American movies like "Showgirls" and "Striptease" can still be bought in the market.

But conservative rule has affected daily life. Thursday and Friday have been designated the official weekend, rather than Friday and Saturday as in Baghdad, because Saturday is the Jewish day of rest.

The biggest issue for Iraqis is security, and here the line between the order kept by the local government and the one imposed by shadowy religious militias loyal to the governing parties is blurred. Posters of clerics, including Moktada al-Sadr, who ignited two uprisings against American-led forces, adorn concrete barriers at police checkpoints. Leaders of the militias say their fighters now make up a large part of the uniformed security forces.

There is an upside. Basra, though trash-strewn and impoverished, is much safer than Baghdad and other cities beset by the Sunni-led insurgency. The riverfront walkway known as the Corniche buzzes with life at night. Even foreigners can openly walk the streets.

But insecurity is a constant for many Iraqis who do not conform to a strict interpretation of Shiite Islam. In the music bazaar, a tattered warning sign appears on a shuttered instrument shop owned by a famous musician known as Kareem Trumpet. The sign denounces as "soldiers of Satan" the city's "whorehouses and dealers in porn DVD's and gambling shops and music stores."

The bazaar is just blocks away from a strip where sidewalk alcohol vendors once thrived, before armed vigilantes and policemen drove them away.

At least three former officials of the Sunni-dominated Baath Party were gunned down in separate incidents, and a Sunni Arab cleric was kidnapped near his mosque and shot dead. Days later a Shiite cleric was fatally shot while going home.

Few women walk around without a head scarf and full-length black robe. A young woman who gave her name as Layla said she could wear jeans without a robe a year ago. But seven months before, as she strode from her house, a group of men came up to her and warned her that she was improperly dressed.

She says she no longer goes out in public without a robe.

Religious Shiites do not have to legally enshrine Shariah, or Koranic law, to exercise their will. Enforcement of Islamic practices is done on the streets, in the shadows. "We're trying to do it culturally rather than impose it by law," said Furat al-Shara, the local representative for the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq, a Shiite political party, known by the acronym Sciri, that holds powerful positions in the national government.

"In the mosques and universities where people learn, we tell them it's a negative thing to do," Mr. Shara said of drinking alcohol or of women appearing in public without scarves.

Sheik Abdul Sattar al-Bahadli, a senior official in the Sadr movement, which is prominent in the National Assembly, summed up the conservative viewpoint: "If Shariah exists everywhere in the world, in China, Korea or Japan, for example, and not just in Iraq, everyone will be happy."

Clerics like Sheik Bahadli and Mr. Shara do not operate on the margins of society here. Increasingly, people are going to them to sort out day-to-day problems. As this reporter sat in Sheik Bahadli's office one evening, three men walked in to ask him to settle a dispute between a renter and his landlord.

Politicians loyal to Sciri and to Ayatollah Muhammad Yacoubi, a radical cleric close to the Sadr movement, dominate the 41-seat Basra provincial council as a result of the January elections. The two religious groups are rivals. The governor, Muhammad al-Waeli, belongs to the ayatollah's party.

A faded poster of the white-bearded Ayatollah Yacoubi appears on a gate outside Mr. Waeli's fortified office, ordering Iraqis not to buy or sell American, British or French cigarettes. Beside it hangs a poster of Ayatollah Khomeini with even harsher words: "All the problems of Islam stem from colonialism and the Great Powers."

Inside, Mr. Waeli said in an interview that Iraqi officials were negotiating to buy electricity from Iran to alleviate an electricity shortage and chronic blackouts.

Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim, the head of Sciri, praised that proposal on a visit to Basra in June. Arriving in a convoy from Iran, he said Iraq - particularly the south - could benefit from closer ties to its Shiite neighbor. "The great Islamic Republic has a very formidable government," he said at a news conference. "It can be very useful to us, and it has a very honorable attitude toward Iraq."

But even in the south, many people still distrust Iran and political parties linked to it. Nearly one million people died in the eight-year Iran-Iraq war, which started in 1980 over control of the Shatt al-Arab, the waterway here that flows into the Persian Gulf. If the residents of this region begin to feel that Iran is exerting too much influence, they could turn against the governing Shiite parties.

An even more pressing concern is whether those politicians will be able to deliver on basic promises like electricity, water and jobs.

In the town of Fao, 50 miles southeast of Basra on the Shatt, a group of fishermen mending nets one afternoon lamented the lack of progress, even though they voted for the religious parties.

"Some people have jobs with big salaries, and other people are unemployed," said Shamkhi Khallawi, 53. "Everybody works for their own benefit. The politicians work for themselves, not for the people."




6) Good thing women are better off in post-Saddam Iraq. This process was already starting when I visited Baghdad in May 2003:

Iraqi women burned with acid for non-religious clothing

by Chris Shumway (bio)

Jul 6 - Police in Baghdad say an increasing number of
women are being attacked for opting to wear Western
clothing in public instead of traditional Islamic
dress. The weapon of choice for attackers is corrosive
acid, according to police and several survivors.

"A month ago I was walking from my college to my house
when I was abducted in the street by three men," Hania
Abdul-Jabbar, a 23-year-old university student, told
IRIN News. "They dropped acid in my face and on my
legs. They cut all my hair off while hitting me in the
face many times telling me it's the price for not
obeying God's wish in using the veil."

Major Abbas Dilemi, a police investigator in Baghdad,
told IRIN that most of the acid attacks had occurred
in the upscale Sunni district of Al-Mansour and the
Shiite Al-Kadhimiya districts. He also said Islamic
fundamentalists have recruited children to carry out
some attacks.

Fundamentalists in other parts of the country have
instituted their own brand of Sharia, or Islamic law,
violently targeting women who do not comply with dress
codes and other rules. In the western province of
Al-Anbar, fundamentalists have reportedly killed five
women for not following the orders of religious
militants who have effectively held power in the
region since the 2003 US-led invasion toppled Saddam
Hussein's regime.

© 2005 The NewStandard. See our reprint policy.



7) LA 8 Trial to begin 13 July:

"Those of you who may have followed the LA 8 Palestinian deportation case in the past may be interested to know that it is actually going to trial, 18 YEARS after the individuals were initially arrested. Trial begins July 13. They wer initially charged as Communists under the McCarran-Walter Act. Now they are charged with violating the Patriot Act by distributing PLO magazines and holding two community dinners in the 1980s in LA where humanitarian aid was raised. For more information, see below, and visit the website for the case, www.committee4justice.com . It's under construction, but has links to two excellent articles from LA Times last week on what may be the longest-running political deportation case since Harry Bridges."

David Cole

ACTION ALERT: LA 8 HEARINGS BEGIN JULY 13!

Thank you for your appreciated and welcomed support for the Los Angeles Eight case (LA8).

The LA8 deportation hearing starts next week, 7/13-7/22.

Thousands of immigrants from Arab and Muslim countries have been harassed, intimidated, secretly incarcerated or deported in recent year, as part of the Bush administration's ongoing campaign to curtail civil liberties and immigrant rights while silencing dissent.

Michel Shehadeh and Khader Hamide were first arrested along with six other Palestinians and a Kenyan in 1987. They were held for 23 days in maximum-security cells, charged with "aiding terrorism." The basis of this charge was that they distributed magazines and fundraised for Palestinian social needs.

Former FBI Director William Webster testified to Congress that after an extensive three-year FBI investigation the Los Angeles 8 "have not been found to have engaged them selves in terrorist activity." Webster testified that, "If these individuals had been U.S. citizens there would not have been a basis for their arrest."

And yet today, 18 years later and counting, the government is still pursuing the case against Shehadeh and Hamide despite failing to present not a shred of evidence of any wrongdoing on the respondents part.

The ramification of the case is broad especially, against immigrants, and ultimately against everyone's freedoms. This administration claims that the constitutionally protected activities of the LA 8 are retroactively illegal under the USA Patriot Act. As Michel Shehadeh states, the government always picks the most vulnerable first in order to pursue dissent in general. Thus it is necessary to rally to the cause of Michel Shehadeh and Khader Hamide--an attack on them is an attack on free speech and is an attack on all.

The LA times has recently published two in depth articles on the LA 8 as government hearings are set to begin later this month.

http://www.latimes.com/news/obituaries/la-fg-laeight29jun29,0,7631280,full.story http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/la-fg-laeight30jun30,1,743032.story

WHAT YOU CAN DO!

1. Bring yourself, friends, family, and everyone you can to attend the hearings 7-13-05 through 7-22-05 at 606 South Olive St. Los Angeles, Ca 90014. IJ Einhorn’s Court.

2. Forward this email or send your own about the case and upcoming hearing and send to all contacts on your list.

3. For donations please write the checks to International Humanity Center (or just IHC)/Committee 4 justice (or just C4J), and send it to the below address. Or, write it to the IHC and put in the memo C4J. Please don’t write anything else on the check. Each donor will receive a tax exempt receipt by mail. You can donate online at www.committee4justice.com .

Please send your checks to the following address:

International Humanity Center
PO Box 923
Malibu 90265
Thank you,
www.committee4justice.com

Contact us:
committee4justice@yahoo.com



8) Criticizing Patriot Act Lands Manlin Chee, Asian American Lawyer, in Jail:

News Report, Yu-Yee Wu,
Asian Week, Jun 29, 2005

Having spent almost three decades offering legal service to immigrants, Chinese American immigration attorney Manlin Chee is now getting used to serving time instead.

Chee had been a nationally recognized lawyer for her work with immigrants, some of it pro bono, and much of it for Muslims, but things soured for her
soon after she appeared on a panel discussing the PATRIOT Act in March 2003.

The public forum at the main library in Greensboro, North Carolina was televised and attracted a large audience. Chee argued passionately that the PATRIOT Act violated the Bill of Rights and threatened the civil rights of immigrants and U.S. citizens.

"I'll never forget when Manlin joked that she had good news and bad news for the audience," recalls Tim Hopkins, an attendee. "She said that the bad news
is that those people taking pictures of the audience are from the FBI. The good news is that they are coming after the panelists first. It was
prophetic."

Indeed, within weeks the FBI began investigating Chee, says her attorney Locke Clifford. Clifford says the FBI had no record of complaints against her. But the agency began combing through thousands of Chee's case files. They even went back to her own citizenship application. The agents interviewed her clients and employees for over a year, until they indicted Chee for immigration fraud on June 26, 2004.

It was a dramatic fall for the successful attorney who once had offices in three cities and thousands of clients. The American Bar Association awarded
Chee its public service award in 1991, which was presented to her by U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor. She also received the 1990 William L. Thorp Pro Bono Award by the North Carolina Bar Association. The Triad Business News called her "one of the foremost immigration attorneys in North Carolina if not the country."

Many think that it was her political views that caused Chee's troubles.

"She was outspoken about the impact of the PATRIOT Act on the Muslim community and American citizens," says Badi Ali, President of the Islamic Center of the Triad and Muslims for a Better North Carolina. Chee also demonstrated her support of the Muslim community by wearing Muslim garb on Fridays, says Chee's youngest daughter, Leia Forgay. Forgay says it was
symbolic. "She was letting people know that she will stand with them figuratively and literally."

However, fellow Greensboro immigration attorney, Gerry Chapman, questions whether Chee was targeted for her views. "There are attorneys in North
Carolina who have spoken out against the PATRIOT Act and against targeting of Muslims, and the vast majority of them have not been investigated and
indicted." He adds that he thinks Chee overextended herself. "Manlin's got a good heart, but she was trying to do too much for too many people."

Attorney Anita Earls, director of Advocacy of the University of North Carolina Center for Civil Rights in Chapel Hill, points out that "other immigration attorneys have engaged in worse practices ... and they were not investigated." She believes Chee was "singled out because of a combination of the clients she served and the fact that she was outspoken in her opposition to the war."

The FBI's strongest evidence came from two sting operations, the first one within weeks after Chee had participated in the PATRIOT Act forum, says Clifford. The informants posed as needy Muslims. One informant wanted to pretend he was gay so he could seek asylum, and the other informant wanted a sham marriage to get his green card. Chee was indicted for filing papers on behalf of both.

According to Forgay, the informants wouldn't stop asking for Chee's help: "My mom told them that there's nothing I can do, but they kept coming back
to her and she couldn't say no. She always tries to help ... she went ahead and submitted the papers to try. She would feel worse if she didn't try."

Chee's former client and good friend, Melinda Macasero agrees. "Manlin had a hard time when she first came to the U.S., so she knows how hard it can be," Macasero says. "If you're an immigrant and you're a client of hers, she would go the extra mile to help."

Says Clifford, "Manlin never said no to anybody and the FBI probably said to themselves that if we run someone in there with a sad story, Manlin will
probably take the bait."

Chee now admits she was "foolish" for succumbing to the sham entreaties. She describes one informant as being "intimidating," constantly calling, going
to her office, and badgering her when she avoided filing the papers for months. Feeling "pushed" and suffering from an anxiety disorder, Chee finally relented under the pressure.

"Manlin did have some depression," says her close friend, Amelia Leung. "Her mental health does affect her sense of judgment sometimes."

During Chee's prosecution, a diverse group of community members rallied around her and formed the Manlin Chee Defense Committee, taking out a full-page ad in the local paper in her support (see sidebar). Notably missing, however, was a public outcry from the local Chinese community.

Meiling Yu, cultural promotion director of the Greensboro Chinese Association, says her organization just didn't know enough. "Because the charges are about her practice, which we are not familiar with, we didn't feel we had enough information to speak out in support of her." She notes the impression that Chee was targeted for her outspokenness, but as a
nonprofit, they did not feel they could make a political statement.

"I can understand why they wouldn't speak out," says Macasero. "You are dealing with the government, and [people] are afraid they are going to get in trouble."

Ultimately, Chee pleaded guilty to the charges from the stings. Her daughter Leia, insists Chee pleaded guilty to keep her family together. The FBI had also indicted and charged Chee's oldest daughter, hernlian, because she was a paralegal in Chee's office. Chernlian, who has an upcoming wedding, decided to cooperate with the prosecution: She would get probation if she pleaded guilty, but she would have to testify against her mother.

The anger in Leia's voice is palpable when she discusses the effect of her sister's decision. "My mom did the selfless thing and pleaded guilty to keep
our family from tearing apart because she felt that this was a time when we needed to stick together. ... The hardest thing is not living without my mom, but living with the tension in the house because of my older sister and what happened."

Chee, however, fought all charges involving her work for real clients. Calling those charges "horsefeathers," Chee states, "I would rather rot in jail than to plead to charges where I prepared documents like every other lawyer in the country." Immigration expert Ira Kurzban agreed, testifying at
Chee's sentencing hearing that her labor certification filings were like those of other attorneys.

Chee never went to trial. The federal prosecutor suddenly dropped all remaining charges against her, after she decided to plead guilty. On March 3, 2005, Judge James A. Beaty sentenced Chee to a year and a day in prison beginning April 22 at Alderson Federal Prison Camp in West Virginia, better known as Martha Stewart's prison. Chee will be unable to attend her daughter Chernlian's wedding in September.

A former U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights attorney, Earls believes the government was making an example of Chee.

"The U.S. Attorney's office was certainly trying to send a message," she says. "Bringing down someone who previously had a strong reputation as an aggressive advocate is much more attractive to the U.S. Attorney's office than someone who doesn't aggressively stand up for immigrant rights."

Chee has been on disability inactive status since April 2004 with the State Bar of North Carolina due to her mental health issues and cannot practice
law. However, her youngest daughter, Leia, seems fiercely determined to take up her mother's torch and fight for the rights of immigrants. "Immigrants are often neglected in the law and in the community," Forgay observes. "You can't just leave out certain groups just because there are tensions with their community."

The sixteen-year-old admits that previously, she did not want to be a lawyer because she hardly saw her mother, who was working all the time. Forgay has
changed her mind. "Now, after seeing what happened to my mom, they may be able to stop her, but they can't stop me from helping people who need it."

Manlin Chee's Struggle

March 2003

* Manlin Chee criticizes the government at a public forum in Greensboro, North Carolina.

* Undercover FBI agent, John Doe I, appears at Chee's office seeking assistance for a sham marriage and begins taping conversations.

May 2003

* A second undercover FBI agent, John Doe II, seeks Chee's help for asylum and begins taping conversations.

September 2003

* Chee begins receiving calls from clients who say that they are being interviewed by the FBI.

* She retains Locke Clifford as her attorney.

October 2003

* Clifford writes a letter to the U.S. Attorney's office about the investigation and informing them that due to mental health issues, Chee has
been planning to close her law practice.

Late October/Early November 2003

* Chee and daughter Chernlian receive "target" of investigation letters from the FBI.

* Chee's office manager also receives a "subject" of an investigation letter.

November 2003

* Clifford meets with the U.S. attorney. He is told the investigations are not yet complete.

February 2004

* Clifford asks if Chee can go to Singapore to see her gravely ill mother and her sister who just gave birth. U.S. Attorney's office approves.

Early March 2004

* Chee leaves for Singapore.

Late April 2004

* Clifford calls her in Singapore to return immediately for indictment. Chee rushes back to the United States but is not indicted.

* Chee goes on disability inactive status with the North Carolina State Bar.

Mid-May 2004

* Clifford again asks the prosecutor when the indictments will come down, and is told the government is still investigating. He is given assurance that Chee and her daughter, Chernlian, will be allowed to present themselves to authorities without being taken into custody, and released without bond.

Early June 2004

* Chee's mother's health worsens and Chee returns to Singapore. Chee's mother dies within hours of Chee's arrival.

Late June 2004

* Chee and her daughter, Chernlian, are indicted. Without prior notice, federal officers arrive at Chee's home before 7:30 a.m. and take Chernlian
into custody, handcuffing her and keeping her until she is able to contact her attorney.

* Chee's attorney calls her in Singapore to tell her to return for the indictments. Chee is unable to catch a flight back due to the summer season
rush, tries to go stand-by, but does not get a seat. The government threatens extradition proceedings.

September 8, 2004

* Chee returns to the United States as scheduled, landing at San Francisco International Airport. She is met at the gate, handcuffed and taken into
custody.

September 9, 2004

* Chee returns to Greensboro, North Carolina.

November 22, 2004

* Chernlian, agrees to plea deal in exchange for testimony against he mother.

* Chee gives notice that she will voluntarily change her plea to guilty for the charges involving only the sting informants.

November 23, 2004

* Before Federal Judge James A. Beaty in the U.S. District Court in Winston-Salem, U.S. Attorney's office voluntarily drops all remaining charges.

March 2-3, 2005

* Chee appears for the sentencing hearing. Ira Kurzban and a witness from the North Carolina Dept. of Labor verify Chee's legal work as acceptable and
following legal practice norms. Under federal sentencing reduction guidelines Chee's term will be about 10 months.

April 22, 2005

* Chee reports to Alderson Federal Prison Camp in Alderson, West Virginia.

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